IMPACT ON CHILDREN
THERE IS A COMMON LINK BETWEEN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CHILD ABUSE. AMONG VICTIMS OF CHILD ABUSE, 40% REPORT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE HOME. ONE STUDY IN NORTH AMERICA FOUND THAT CHILDREN WHO WERE EXPOSED TO VIOLENCE IN THE HOME WERE 15 TIMES MORE LIKELY TO BE PHYSICALLY AND/OR SEXUALLY ASSAULTED THAN THE NATIONAL AVERAGE. THE U.S. ADVISORY BOARD ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT SUGGEST THAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE MAY BE THE SINGLE MAJOR PRECURSOR TO CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT FATALITIES IN THE COUNTRY.
OVER 3,300,000 CHILDREN
The number of children in the U.S. exposed to domestic violence every year. Research indicates that exposure to domestic violence can have serious and ongoing negative effects on a child's development.
CHILDREN WHO WITNESS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Children who witness domestic violence are more likely to exhibit behavior and physical health problems including depression, anxiety, and violence towards peers. They are also more likely to attempt suicide, abuse drugs and alcohol, run away from home, engage in teenage prostitution and commit sexual assault crimes.
Legal Definition (Black's Law Dictionary)
Domestic violence - 1. Violence between members of a household, usually spouses; An assault or other violent act committed by one member of a household against another. 2. The infliction of physical injury or the creation of a reasonable fear that physical injury or harm will be inflicted by a parent or a member or former member of a child's household, against a child, or against another member of the household. - Also termed domestic abuse; Family violence
Battered Child - A child upon whom physical or sexual abuse has been inflicted, usually by a relative caregiver, or close family friend.
Battered - Child Syndrome - A constellation of medical and psychological conditions of a child who has suffered continuing injuries that could not be accidental and are therefore presumed to have been inflicted by someone close to the child, usually a caregiver. Diagnosis typically results from a radiological finding of distinct bone trauma and persistent tissue damage caused by intentional injury, such as twisting or hitting with violence. The phrase was first used by Dr. Henry Kempe and his colleagues in a 1961 article entitled "The Battered Child Syndrome", which appeared in the journal of the American Medical Association. As a result of research on battered-child syndrome, the Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health, education and welfare drafted a model statute requiring physicians to report serious cases of suspected child abuse.
RISK OF INJURY OF DEATH
Children are likely to attempt to intervene when they witness domestic violence against their mother - which places the child at great risk of injury or death.
30% to 60% of perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse CHILDREN in the household.
UP TO 60%
Children who live in homes where there is domestic violence also suffer from abuse or neglect at rates up to 60%.
Without help, young girls who witness domestic violence are more vulnerable themselves to future abuse as teens and adults.
Without help, young boys who witness domestic violence are far more likely to become abusers themselves, continuing the cycle of violence into another generation.
37% - DEPRESSION
37% of women who experience domestic violence have symptoms of depression.
In a National survey of more than 6,000 families, 50% of men who frequently assaulted their wives also frequently abused their children.
A child's exposure to domestic violence seems to pose the greatest independent risk for being the victim of any act or use violence as an adult.
EXPOSURE TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Children exposed to domestic violence are more likely to believe that using violence is an effective means of getting one's needs met and managing conflict in close relationships.
Children exposed to abusive parenting, harsh and erratic discipline, or domestic violence are an increased risk of juvenile crime.
PROBLEMS IN SEEKING HELP
Young people experience particular obstacles to seeking help. They often do not have access to money, transportation or youth services. They must overcome issues such as distrust of adults, lack of knowledge about available resources, or pressure from peers and parents
CHILDREN LIVING IN RURAL AREAS
Children exposed to domestic violence who live in rural areas face additional barriers, challenges and unique circumstances, along with their mothers, including: Geographical isolation, lack of public transportation, shortages of health care providers, poverty, under-insurance or lack of health insurance, difficulty ensuring confidentiality in small communities and decreased access to many resources (such as advanced education, job opportunitites, and adequate childcare).
A study of the nurse - Family partnership found that children whose parents did not participate in home visitation programs that provides coaching in parenting skills, advice and support, were almost 5 times more likely to be abused in their first 2 years of life.
CHILDREN UNDER 12
More than 50% of women victims of domestic violence live in households with children under 12 years old.
MOTHERS - AGES 12 TO 18
1 in 8 adolescent mothers between the ages of 12 to 18 report having been physically assaulted by the father of the children during the preceding year.
The use of physical force on a date, usually accompanied by fury or outrage: Physical force unlawfully exercised with the intent to harm.
Unlawful sexual intercourse with a person under the age of consent (as defined by state statute) regardless of whether it is 'against that person's will.
YOUTH DATING VIOLENCE
Many youth are involved in dating relationships and these relationships can include the same kind of domestic violence and dating violence seen in the adult population. More than 40% of all incidents of domestic violence involve people who are not married.
OVER 25% OF MIDDLE SCHOOL GIRLS
A study of middle school girls reported that over 25% stated they had been victims of dating violence, including 8% consisting of sexual abuse.
GIRLS UNDER 18
Youth under the age of 18, account for 67% of all sexual assault victimizations reported to law enforcement.
1 IN 3 TEEN DATING
Physical aggression occurs in 1 in 3 teen dating relationships.
50% TO 80% OF TEENS
50% to 80% of teens reported knowing someone in a violent relationship.
20% OF HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS
Approximately 20% of female high school students report being physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner.
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